In 1984, N. Karmarkar published a seminal paper on algorithmic linear programming. During the subsequent decade, it stimulated a huge outpouring of new algorithmic results by researchers world-wide in many areas of mathematical programming and numerical computation. This book gives an overview of the resulting, dramatic reorganization that has occurred in one of these areas: algorithmic differentiable optimization and equation-solving, or, more simply, algorithmic differentiable programming. The book is aimed at readers familiar with advanced calculus, numerical analysis, in particular numerical linear algebra, the theory and algorithms of linear and nonlinear programming, and the fundamentals of computer science, in particular, computer programming and the basic models of computation and complexity theory. J.L. Nazareth is a Professor in the Department of Pure and Applied Mathematics at Washington State University. He is the author of two books previously published by Springer-Verlag, DLP and Extensions: An Optimization Model and Decision Support System (2001) and The Newton-Cauchy Framework: A Unified Approach to Unconstrained Nonlinear Minimization (1994).
This book introduces a novel approach to discrete optimization, providing both theoretical insights and algorithmic developments that lead to improvements over state-of-the-art technology. The authors present chapters on the use of decision diagrams for combinatorial optimization and constraint programming, with attention to general-purpose solution methods as well as problem-specific techniques. The book will be useful for researchers and practitioners in discrete optimization and constraint programming. "Decision Diagrams for Optimization is one of the most exciting developments emerging from constraint programming in recent years. This book is a compelling summary of existing results in this space and a must-read for optimizers around the world." [Pascal Van Hentenryck]
This volume contains the proceedings of the workshop on Optimization Theory and Related Topics, held in memory of Dan Butnariu, from January 11-14, 2010, in Haifa, Israel. An active researcher in various fields of applied mathematics, Butnariu published over 80 papers. His extensive bibliography is included in this volume. The articles in this volume cover many different areas of Optimization Theory and its applications: maximal monotone operators, sensitivity estimates via Lyapunov functions, inverse Newton transforms, infinite-horizon Pontryagin principles, singular optimal control problems with state delays, descent methods for mixed variational inequalities, games on MV-algebras, ergodic convergence in subgradient optimization, applications to economics and technology planning, the exact penalty property in constrained optimization, nonsmooth inverse problems, Bregman distances, retraction methods in Banach spaces, and iterative methods for solving equilibrium problems. This volume will be of interest to both graduate students and research mathematicians.
This book updates the thesis I produced for my PhD at the Department of Artificial Intelligence of the University of Edinburgh, correcting errors, and improving some of the formatting and readability. Since the original work was completed (early 1996), research has progressed. Most notably, the public profile of AI and game-playing has reached new heights with the feats of the chess computer DEEPER BLUE (which surely uses AI, no matter what IBM would have us believe). Although less heralded, the ability of computers to play Bridge (the main example domain in this book) has also increased. In July of 1997 a world championship for computer Bridge programs was hosted by the American Contract Bridge League in Albuquerque, New MexÂ ico. This contest was won by a program called Bridge Baron, produced by Great Game Products. Bridge Baron incorporates knowledge-based planning techniques developed by Stephen Smith and Dana Nau [1, 2]. Progress has also been made on the contrasting, more brute-force, approach of sampling the possible card distributions. In particular, Matt Ginsberg has developed a fast double-dummy solver based on partition search . Ginsberg's program fared poorly in the 1997 Bridge championships, but Ginsberg himself reports very promising results  on a hard set of complete Bridge deals taken from the Bridge tutoring program Bridge Master.
Performance optimization is vital in the design and operation of modern engineering systems, including communications, manufacturing, robotics, and logistics. Most engineering systems are too complicated to model, or the system parameters cannot be easily identified, so learning techniques have to be applied. This book provides a unified framework based on a sensitivity point of view. It also introduces new approaches and proposes new research topics within this sensitivity-based framework. This new perspective on a popular topic is presented by a well respected expert in the field.